Fertility problems are frequently treated medically without surgery but sometimes require surgery, both in the female and the male. The most common surgery performed for male infertility is removal of a varicocele (an enlarged vein going to the testicle); this is done by a urologist.
Common female fertility problems treated by surgery include:
- scar tissue involving the tubes and ovaries
- fibroids and polyps
- uterine anomalies (inside of uterus is heart-shaped rather than shaped like an upside down pear)